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Научная статья по экономике «Особенности малых и средних предприятий в России»

Article "Features of small and medium-sized enterprises in Russia"

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Архивные данные научной статьи Виленского А.В.

Archival data of the article written by Vilenskii A.V.

Выходные данные экономической статьи

Article output data

Раздел / Sectional title
Экономика и управление народным хозяйством
Economics and management of a national economy
Страницы / Pages 26-45
Тип / Type [RAR] – Научная статья
Коды / Numbers [УДК] 338
Заглавие / Title
Особенности малых и средних предприятий в России
Features of small and medium-sized enterprises in Russia
Авторы / Authors
Александр Викторович
Доктор экономических наук, профессор,
Институт экономики РАН,
Национальный исследовательский университет «Высшая школа экономики»
Aleksandr Viktorovich
Full Doctor of Economics, professor,
Institute of Economics, Russian Academy of Sciences,
National Research University – Higher School of Economics
Аннотация / Abstract
В статье анализируются особенности малых и средних предприятий в России, которые отстают от малых и средних предприятий по количественным и качественным параметрам. Причиной этого являются особенности структуры экономики России и монополизм крупных предприятий. В отличие от малых и средних предприятий развитых стран, субъекты малого и среднего предпринимательства в России не являются инновационными. Кроме того, в российских малых и средних предприятий процветают неофициальное трудоустройство и нарушения трудового законодательства. Главной особенностью российских малых и средних предприятий, которая отличает их от таких же предприятий в развитых странах, является их вовлеченность в теневую экономику.
This article analyzes the features of small and medium-sized enterprises in Russia. Quantitative and qualitative parameters of SMEs in Russia lag behind most countries, largely due to the structure of its economy with the traditional dominance of large enterprises and the prevailing business climate. Unlike SMEs of developed countries, Russian small and medium-sized businesses are not innovative. A very small share of Russian SMEs is engaged in scientific research and innovations development. The private sector is investing very little money in innovations. Russian small and medium-sized enterprises are not able to resist the monopolism in the economy. The struggle against monopolies can be declared, but in practice it is useless for domestic small and medium-sized businesses. SMEs are in a competitive environment of their own, almost separate from the monopolistic sector of the national economy. Informal employment and violation of labor laws are widely spread among the Russian SMEs. The deep involvement of SMEs in the Russian shadow economy is a feature that distinguishes them from small and medium enterprises of developed countries. The shadow economy and bureaucracy cause a serious distortion of the official data on the economic processes in the country. It is true for Russia and its small and medium-sized business.
Финансирование / Financing
Статья написана в рамках выполнения проекта РГНФ №14-02-00324а «Альтернативы государственной политики в отношении малого и среднего предпринимательства России».
The article is written as part of the project of the Russian Humanitarian Scientific Fund No. 14-02-00324a "The alternative state policies on small and medium-sized enterprises in Russia".
Текст / Text
Introduction Russia is significantly different from the majority of developed…
(Вы можете ознакомиться в файле ПДФ c полным текстом научной статьи по экономике)
Ключевые слова / Keywords
Малое и среднее предпринимательство
малые и средние предприятия
деловая конъюнктура
теневая экономика
иррациональные административные барьеры
Small and medium-sized business
business climate
shadow economy
irrational administrative barriers
Библиография / References
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Файлы / Files 2-vilenskii.pdf
Для цитирования / For citation
Виленский А.В. Особенности малых и средних предприятий в России // Экономика: вчера, сегодня, завтра. – 2014. – № 6-7. – С. 26-45.
Vilenskii, A.V. (2014) Features of small and medium-sized enterprises in Russia. Ekonomika: vchera, segodnya, zavtra [Economics: Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow], 6-7, pp. 26-45.

Архивные данные экономического журнала № 6-7 за 2014 год «Экономика: вчера, сегодня, завтра», в котором размещена статья / Publisher's imprint of the journal "Economics: Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow", which includes the article.